Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

What are the reasons of diabetes and ways of its treatment

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder, which is based on a deficiency in the formation of one’s own insulin and an increase in the level of glucose in the blood. It is manifested by a feeling of thirst, an increase in the amount of urine released, increased appetite, weakness, dizziness, slow healing of wounds, etc. The disease is chronic, often with a progressive course. There is high risk of stroke, kidney failure, myocardial infarction, gangrene of the extremities, blindness. Sharp fluctuations in blood sugar cause life-threatening conditions like hypo- and hyperglycemic coma.

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More about diabetes mellitus

Among the metabolic disorders that occur, diabetes takes the second place after obesity. In the world, about 10% of the population suffers from diabetes. If to take into account the latent forms of the disease, this figure can be 3-4 times larger. Diabetes mellitus develops as a result of chronic deficiency of insulin and is accompanied by disorders of carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. The production of insulin occurs in the pancreas by the ß-cells of the islets of Langerhans.

Participating in the metabolism of carbohydrates, insulin increases the intake of glucose into the cells, promotes the synthesis and accumulation of glycogen in the liver, inhibits the breakdown of carbohydrate compounds. In the process of protein metabolism, insulin enhances the synthesis of nucleic acids and protein and suppresses its breakdown. The effect of insulin on fat metabolism is to increase the intake of glucose in fat cells, energy processes in cells, the synthesis of fatty acids and slow down the breakdown of fats. With the participation of insulin, the process of entering the sodium cell increases. Disturbances of the metabolic processes controlled by insulin can develop with insufficient synthesis (type I diabetes mellitus) or insulin resistance of the tissues to insulin (type II diabetes mellitus).

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus

  • Until a certain period, diabetes cannot manifest itself for a long time. Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes differ from each other, at the same time, there may be no signs at all (again up to a certain time). The severity of the main manifestations associated with diabetes of both types is determined by the degree of decrease in insulin production, the individual characteristics of the patient’s organism and the duration of the course of the disease. We distinguish the main complex of symptoms characteristic of both types of diabetes mellitus:
  • unquenchable thirst, frequent urination, against which general dehydration develops;
  • Rapid weight loss, regardless of appetite;
  • Frequent dizziness;
  • Weakness, decreased performance, fatigue;
  • Heaviness in the legs;
  • Tingling, numbness of limbs;
  • Pain in the heart;
  • Cramps of the calf muscles region;
  • Low temperature (below average indicators);
  • The appearance of itching in the perineal region;
  • Itching;
  • Slow healing of skin lesions, wounds;
  • Violations of sexual activity;
  • Long-term cure for infectious diseases;
  • Visual impairment (general deterioration of vision, the appearance of “shroud” in front of the eyes).

Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus

  • Genetics: if there is diabetes in the immediate family, the risk of diabetes is very high.
  • With a significant injury, stroke, damage to the pancreas, it is also possible to develop diabetes.
  • Excess weight, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, lack of muscle and an abundance of body fat.
  • Diseases of the pancreas, accompanied by a lesion of beta cells.
  • Chronic stress, nervous breakdowns, aggravating factors that contribute to the progression of the disease and are the trigger mechanism for the onset of the disease with hereditary disposition and excessive body weight.
  • Viral infections, such as chicken pox, rubella, hepatitis, mumps – are provoking factors for people with genetic disposition.
  • Age also plays a key role in the development of diabetes, the older the person, the more worn out the body is, there are many chronic diseases – all this increases the risk of developing diabetes.
  • The probability of disease in people after 45 years is high and even higher after 65 years.
  • Hypertension, high blood pressure, elevated levels of fats (triglycerides) in the blood, eating a lot of fatty foods. There is a myth that the more white sugar a person consumes, the higher the risk of diabetes is. This is not quite so, sweet tooth do not differ in the increased risk of acquiring this disease just because they eat a lot of sweet. It’s just that they have an increased likelihood of gaining excess weight, which in turn provokes diabetes and not vice versa.

Eggs and lemon to treat diabetes:

Both lemon and eggs are the products necessary for diabetics. Lemon lowers blood glucose levels, normalizes blood pressure, and chicken and quail eggs provide the body with the necessary micronutrients. A mixture of these products is even more effective:

  • 50 ml of freshly squeezed lemon juice,
  • 1 chicken egg or 5 quail eggs.

The therapeutic mixture obtained by mixing these components is a single dose. It is taken only once for half an hour before meals. Treatment lasts for a month according to the following scheme: 3 days – taking a medical mixture; 3 days – break, etc.

Drug therapy diabetes

The diagnosis of “diabetes mellitus” is established based on the results of the tests. In particular, these are blood and urine tests for the glucose content, glucose tolerance test, glycosylated hemoglobin detection assay, and an analysis for the detection of C-peptide and insulin in the blood.

Treatment of type 1 diabetes and 2d type is based on the implementation of measures in the following areas: exercise, diet and drug therapy (insulin therapy with the achievement of insulin values ​​within the daily rate of its production, elimination of manifestations of clinical symptoms of diabetes mellitus). In particular, emphasis is placed on weight loss – as it can contribute to the normalization of carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to the reduction of glucose synthesis.

Drug therapy is the most effective and safe fighting against diabetes. However, the better and faster effect can be achieved if you combine drugs, exercise and natural remedies as well.